How to Become a Pilot In India: 3 Simple Steps

In India well this is a dream for many students.
To achieve this dream you need to give your hard work. Pilot jobs are very high paying jobs why? because while flying in the sky it’s thrilling to experience for you as a pilot and passengers too.
While flying the plane You have 1000 life responsibilities. In India, there are so many institutions and courses are available where you can pursue them.
how to become a pilot in india
Become a pilot what is the basic need? Here we’ll be going to see the best ways to fly in the sky.
Below I mentioned the required steps and details which will help you to boost your career.

Step #1: Find a good college to become a pilot

In India, so many institutions are there who provide air training. Choose a good college to pursue. Try to find an institution in your native places. Some institutes conduct exams before joining.
The joining fee will come from 10 lakhs to around 50 lakhs. You can also borrow 50% from the bank.
If you are looking abroad then it will cost you too high compared to Indian currency.
Below I mentioned some colleges of both Private and Government
best fly training institutes

Best Aviation colleges In India

Step #2: Know Different type of pilot licenses to study


different pilot license
There are 8 types of pilot licenses. Some step by step procedures is there to get these licenses as a fresher. The 8 license are-
  • Student Pilot License
  • Commercial Pilot License
  • Private Pilot License
  • Recreational Pilot License
  • Sport Pilot License
  • Airline Transport Pilot License
  • Certified Flight Instructor
  • Multi-Engine Pilot
  • Instrument Rated Pilot License

1. How to get student pilot license in India

Now you have to change your path towards your dreams after 14 years of your regular studies. This means after class 12th you have to start preparing for the pilot.
To start your career as an airline pilot, this is your 1st pilot license to continue your journey.
After getting this license you can upgrade your career towards the commercial or private license.
Before going to brief you should know about eligibility.

Eligibility criteria for SPL

The required recruitment are to get an aviation course
  • Students must be 16 years of age.
  • Next, candidates must have completed their 12th from a recognized university.
  • In 12th you need to have Chemistry, Physics, Math subject with 50% of marks.
  • And finally, you must have a medical certificate as per DGCA guidelines to prove your physical fitness.
These are the 4 criteria that you need before starting your flight training course.
When you are eligible for the above need, you should start looking at training institutes in your core area.
You can easily get your admission. They will conduct an exam, you have to pass it. This is an oral examination which will conduct by the school authority.

2. Steps to get a commercial pilot license(CPL) after 12th

It’s a highly skilled professional. After getting an SPL now it’s time to upgrade your pilot license. Now you have 2 options and the commercial pilot license is one of them.
Here you will fly aeroplanes like cargo, passenger flights and helicopters too.
You should complete 250 hours of flying to get a CPL license. If you complete 15 hours of dual flight then, you can run a flight as a solo.

Step 1. Know the eligibility criteria for CPL

Here are the below-mentioned steps you need to fulfil that before applying for it.
  • For a commercial pilot license, your age must be 18 years above.
  • You must have passed +2
  • If you have a student pilot license then it will ease your path.
  • You need to join a DGCA certified institution.
  • Must have Physics, Chemistry, Maths in your higher secondary with 50% marks.

Step 2. Find a training centre

Look at the above recruitments if you fall in these categories then it’s a green signal for you. The 1st step is to start looking for a flight training school or Pursuing an aviation course.

Step 3. Give entrance test

To get an admission you need to give a written examination. The exam contains Air navigation, Air regulation, Air meteorology courses. The exam will conduct by DGCA.

3. How to get a private pilot license in India

Before I mention that after a student pilot license you have two options to upgrade your career. The 1st option is CPL and the 2nd option is Private pilot license(PPL).
So now we will go to discuss procedure about PPL.
This license is not for using it on commercial purpose. You can use it for private purposes like flying a plane as a hobby. Mainly it for those who want an individual plane. The total time duration to complete this course is 6 to 8 month.
If you are an enthusiast to drive a plane and you want to fly not that much high, to see the scenic view then this is the license for you.
What are the job areas for Private license holders?
You can work in airway companies, as a co-pilot, first officer, test pilot, flying academics as chief pilot, or you can also run an air training institute. Most of the conditions are the same as CCL.

Step 1. Eligibility criteria for PPL

  • You must clear your higher secondary with 50% marks.
  • Candidates should be below 18 years of age.
  • You should have a valid medical test report by the Direct General Of Civil Aviation.

Step 2. Exams for PPL

To get an admission you need to clear a pilot aptitude test. Which holds at the air institution by DGCA.

Step 3. PPL Training Procedure

Compared to Commercial pilot license private pilot license is easiest to get. Here you need 40 hours of flying time under a flight instructor. After completing your successful training at the air you are eligible to get a license.
In this 6 to 8 month, they will cover topics like plane system, air law, meteorology, aerodynamics, navigation.
Ok now let’s talk about in detail what are the ways to start your pilot career in the private sector or the government sector.

Step #3: Look job opportunities for pilot


job opportunities for pilot
If you are looking for a pilot career path then there are a lot of paths to engage yourself. I am going to mention here most demanded paths that will help to improve your career next level.
  • Airway Companies
  • Indian Armed Forces
  • Drone Manufacturer Companies
  • Air Logistics And Transportation Companies
  • Indian Air Force

How to get a pilot job in Private companies

If you have the same question in your mind, then many of you know the private company procedures. Let me explain for those who don’t know.
After completing your qualification, you start looking for private airway companies like Indigo, Emirates, Spice Jet, Air Asia, Vistara. These are companies where you can start your career as a commercial pilot.
Or, you can start your career with charter flight providing companies also.
For private pilot license holders, you can apply on drone manufacturer companies or in air logistic companies. Freshers can easily get a job here.
Some aviation colleges also provide placements after complete the training period.
The government also provides lots of career opportunities for pilots. So, Let’s talk about one by one

Pilot opportunities at Indian Air Force

This is the only option where you can get free training. Yes, the government in India offers a lot of options where you can join and you can also serve the country.
There are 4 options to join in the air force, you can join here after graduation or you can join after 12th too.

How to join Indian air force after graduation?

After graduation, there are 3 options to join.
  • SSC (Short Service Commission)
  • CDSE (Combined Defence Services Examination)
  • NCC

1. How to join AFCAT (SSC)

Eligibility Criteria:

To join here you must have a graduate certificate in any discipline. The minimum age requirement is 19 years and must unmarry.
Here you required to take the AFCAT exam. After passing the exam they will send you to a training course of 74 weeks. After completion of training, you can work for 14 years, not more than this.
Physical requirements are very necessary here. For the male candidate the height should be 162cm and for the women 148cm.

Exam Procedures:

Firstly you will give the written examination. The question pattern comes like Numerical ability, General awareness, Military aptitude.
These tests will prove your ability to read devices and control your mental strength.
After completing the written test now the second procedure is the SSB Interview. Here two stages are there. In the 1st phrase, you will give the Officer IQ test.
In the 2nd phrase, you will attend a psychological test and the personal interview test.

2. Steps to join CDSE

Only male candidates can join this. In combined defence services examination. Here you can work for more than 14 years. This is for graduate students who want to start their career at a government organisation.

Eligibility criteria:

  • Must have a graduate degree from a recognized university. 
  • Minimum age recruitment is between 19 years to 23 years. 
  • Candidates must have a valid Indian passport. 
  • Candidates should have a height of 162 cm with good eyesight of 6/9 in one eye and 6/6 in one eye.

Exam Procedures:

At first, you will give a written exam which contains General knowledge, English and math. Secondly, you will give two interviews which are divide into 2 phrases.
The 1st phrase is about a discussion test, IQ test and the 2nd phrase is the personal interview.

3. How to become a pilot in Indian Airforce through NCC

Most students are aware of this. When you are in school, if you have joined any NCC then you can apply in the Air Force here. This is a big opportunity for those who have a division ‘C’ certificate. Some eligibility criteria listed below.

Eligibility Criteria for NCC:

  • You must have a valid Air Wing Senior Division C certificate. 
  • You should unmarry before applying this. 
  • Only male candidates can apply this. 
  • Having a graduate degree with any discipline.
  • Should have 162cm height.
  • Must have good eyesight with 6/6 one side and 6/9 on the other side.

Exam Procedures:

You have to first attend the aptitude test. This test checks your ability to read instruments and mental strength.
The last step is the interview. It comes with 2 phrases. The 1st phrase is the IQ test and the 2nd phrase is the group test and personal interview.

How to become a pilot in Indian Air Force after 12th

After 12th NDA is the only option to join at Indian airforce. Before join here you need to give the entrance exam. If you qualify on that then you can join at National Defence Academy.
After joining you need to continue the 3year of the training period. After completion, you will post at any Air force as a pilot. It’s the easiest option to become a pilot after your higher secondary.

Eligibility Criteria:

Here some limitation are there let us talk one by one
  • Only male candidate can apply this.
  • You should have good height with 152cm.
  • Eye vision must be 6/6 in one side and 6/9 on another side.
  • You should have qualified your +2 with 50% marks from a recognized university.
  • In higher secondary, you must have subjects like Maths, Physics, Chemistry.
  • The minimum age requirement of 16 years and a maximum of 19 years.

Exam Procedures:

The NDA exam begins with an aptitude test. To appear in a personal interview, you must pass this exam. In this written test the questions come from Physics, History, General knowledge, English too.
After qualifying the written exam, now is the time for the interview. This interview comes with 2 phrases.
In this 1 phrase, you will give an IQ test and in another phrase, you will take part in the interview.

How to Become a Flight Instructor

After getting a commercial pilot license you can apply here. A flight instructor works are for training new aspirants in air institute.
Become a flight instructor you need AFIR and FIR rated approve from DGCA (Directorate General Of Civil Aviation).
You can be approved as a Flight Instructor Rating and Assistant Flight Instructor Rating. FIA is the senior level post and AFIR is the junior level post.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • The candidate must have a commercial pilot license.
  • Candidate must be 18 years above.
  • The aspirant should have a class A medical certificate.
  • For FIR aspirants should have 500 hours of flying time for aeroplane and 150 hours for a helicopter.
  • For AFIR candidate must have a 100 hour flying time for aeroplane and 20 hours of flying time for a helicopter.

How much does it cost to become a pilot?

Here we discussed all the tips and methods to become a pilot. If you looking for private college then to achieve this dream you need to spend some money. The truth is completing the pilot course in a private institute it will cost you too high.
If you join 3year aviation course then it will cost you from minimum 25lakhs to maximum 70 lakhs. It depends on what kind of course you are doing.
If you have done any special machine rating certification course while studying it will cost you between 10 to 20 lakhs. This type of rating certificate shows that you are eligible to fly a particular aircraft machine.
To avoid this much of training cost you can choose abroad countries.

Which country provides cheap air training?

There are so many countries. If you belong from Asia then you can choose countries like the Philippines, Greece, Maldives. In these countries, you can do your aviation course at a cheap price.

How much a pilot earn?

It based on a personal experience and at what company he worked for. If you work in a good air company then you can aspect your salary from 20 lakhs to 50 lakh per annum. Freshers, they get 10 lakhs per annum.

What is the Salary of a Commercial pilot?

As a fresher, you will get 8 lakhs to 10 lakhs per annum. After your experience level, you will get 12 lakhs to 30 lakhs per annum. If you work for a good airway company then you can expect this much of a salary.

What is the salary of a Private Pilot?

You can expect your salary from 10 to 30 lakhs. As a fresher, you will get around 10lakh and after your good experience, you will get 30lakhs per annum. It all depends on your company.


I hope I have covered all the required things you need to become a pilot.
The pilot’s career is not so easy.
Here you will see very less competition compare to another job. If you can give your effort then you can easily get a job in a good air company. While preparing for this try to fit your self by mentally and physically
Many students do not apply because there is a lack of knowledge about the pilot and it costs a lot. Because of this, the government opened an aviation training institute in almost every major city. So that you can fulfil your dream at an affordable price.
So collect all these requirements from today and start your journey towards a pilot.
If you have any question, then ask in the comment section below.

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