How to become a lawyer in India
In India every year lots of students register themselves in lawyer program. Many of them find the right ways “how to become a lawyer in India?” Here we will be going to discuss all the steps for beginners how they can achieve this.
This is the only career where you can fight for someone to give him justice. If someone gets their degree in lawyer they are eligible to work in many different sources. They can work in government areas, public areas, as a judge and you can work for individuals as well.
To be a lawyer you need to have good communication skills and confidence so that you can give justice to someone.
Step #1- Prepare yourself for a lawyer
After finishing your 12th or graduate now it’s time to follow your desire career path. There are mainly 2 ways to start your career as a lawyer.
If you want to pursue law after graduate you can apply for the 3year program. Here you need a graduate certificate in any particular field. A student can complete their graduate degree in any field for this.
If you are looking for a lawyer after 12th you can join in a 5-year program. For this program, you must have a certificate of higher secondary from a recognized university. This 5-year program includes 5 courses like B.SC, BBA, B.A, B.Com, B.S.L courses.
Most of the colleges take Entrance test like CLAT, LSAT to give admission in lawyer programs. To appear in this, preparation is a must.
Step #2- Apply Law Entrance Tests
Now it’s time to apply for an entrance exam. There are mainly two entrance exams CLAT, LSAT. Most of the colleges need good entrance score while you applying for admission.
LSAT Exam Preparation
LSAT stands for Law School Admission Test. This is only entrance exam whose test score is valid in abroad colleges. Every year LSAT conduct these tests globally 6 times per year.
Compare other penetration tests this will help you more. The LSAT also allows the student to apply to law colleges abroad.
If you have any abroad study plan then this is the right entrance test for you.
CLAT Exam Preparation
CLAT stands for Common Law Admission Test. In this test both Indian’s and abroad students can apply. The total hour of this exam is 2 hour. CLAT Conduct their exam once a year.
Most colleges require a 50% score in your CLAT test. To get admission in a good law college, you should score 50% and above.
If you are a non-resident Indian and if you want to join any Indian law college, then you have to apply here.
CLAT Exam Pattern
This test has some eligibility criteria. If you are applying this exam after graduation then you need a valid graduation certificate from a recognized university with minimum 50% of marks.
For undergraduate students, they will give 200 marks exam and postgraduate students they will give 150 marks.
If someone applying this exam after 12th you need a valid undergraduate certificate from a recognized university with 45% of marks.
It also has minus marking. The question paper comes with multiple choices. On each successful answer, you will get 1 mark on each question. And if you give an incorrect answer, it will be deducted 0.25 marks.
After applying this you need to keep the practice in English, Logical Reasoning, G.K, Legal Reasoning, Mathematics.
The CLAT exam score will be valid for 1 year only. You can try several times up to the upper limit of your age.
AILET Exam Preparation
AILET stands for All India Law Entrance Test. This test conducted by AILET Delhi. With this entrance exam, you can join here easily. It includes subjects like GK, Reasoning, Legal Aptitude.
SET Exam Preparation
SET stands for Symbiosis Entrance Test. This is another entrance test from symbiosis international university. Most of the entrance test comes with the same pattern. It comes with subjects like Analytical Reasoning, GK, Legal Reasoning. Its score can only applicable at symbiosis.
Step #3- Find a good Law college to become a lawyer
In India here you can find a law school in every major city. But while choosing a law school you must ensure that college comes under BCI and UGC approved or not.
And most important thing is that examine placement rating of those law colleges which you have an interest.
While applying in a college you must convert your documents in transcripted format.
Try to buy a CAS which is called Credential Assembly Service. Send your all transcripted documents and entrance score to CAS. They will create it on a file and send them to law schools.
To improve your joining chances make a recommendation letter. You can get a recommendation letter from your recent qualification college professors. If you are an employee, you can get it from your work staff as well.
Do not apply to only one college. Try to apply for more than one college.
Below I mentioned some good colleges which will help you to shortlist a good college.
Best Law Colleges In India
- National Law University (Delhi)
- Nalsar University Of Law (Hyderabad)
- National Law University (Odisha)
- National Unversity Of Advanced Legal Studies (Kochi)
- N.L Institute University (Bhopal)
- National Law University (Jodhpur)
- National Law University And Judicial Academy (Assam)
- Gujarat National Law University (Gujarat)
- National Law School Of India University (Bengaluru)
- National Law University (Lucknow)
Step #4- Enroll In Internship Programs
After completion of admission,
Now time to enroll in an internship. This is a very necessary step, after successful completion of law program you can easily get a placement in your college. Internships help you to upgrade your career profile.
Try to find an internship before completing your course. It also helps you to grab particle knowledge while you studying.
Most of the company need a student who has a degree certificate and as well a same education background work experience too.
Step #5- Apply For State Bar Council
This is an important step towards achieving your law career. After complete your course soon applies to State Bar Council.
Choose your state in which state you are interested in the practice. Every state conduct bar council exam. Make sure before practising you have all the required materials with you. Practice well to qualify for the exam.
The exam evaluates your experience in law and logical thinking.
After successful completion, you will get a certificate to practice law in court.
Step #6- Find a law Job
This is the last and final step after your education. Placement is the easiest way where you can find a job easily.
There are also some other ways where you can find a job for you, let’s talk one by one.
How to find a lawyer job in India?
You can find a job from campus and off-campus also. Find on job portals and government websites where you can find on-campus and off campuses.
The best way is to work as a government employee. Here you will get a handsome salary and job reliability. You can work as an Advocate also. If you want to be a magistrate you need to appear the judicial service exam.
If you appear in UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) you can work at on legislative department.
If you want to work yourself then you can open a law office and you can practice.
Work with a Lawyer:
If you can’t open a law firm you can practice under an experienced lawyer. It will help you to improve your experience and later you can open your own law office.
Work as a Volunteer:
To improve your experience you can work as a volunteer too. Here you will not receive any payment but you can add your experience in your resume.
Work in Law Firms:
There are several law firms where you can work. In these firms, more than one lawyer works under one roof. Here they give legal suggestion to their clients and help them to come out from disputes.
For this, you must have a bar council certificate to practice. Here you will represent your client case in court.
Work as a Professor:
You can work as a professor too. You need some work experience and you can get a professor job easily in any college.
Every political party needs a lawyer to give legal suggestion to their parties. Here you need some experience to join and you can also get a high paying salary. Most of the parties have more than 1 lawyer.
If you want to study higher after L.L.B then you can do L.L.M.
What is L.L.M?
L.L.M stands for Master of Laws. It is a master’s degree of LL.B. If you want expertise in a particular field, you can pursue. It’s a 2year course and divided into 4 semesters. Here you need to select any law specialization to continue the L.L.M.
Before applying in LLM you must-have skills like speech clarity, confidence, impartiality, good communication skills.
You can pursue your course through Regular, Distance, Part-Time mode too.
Different specializations in law
In criminal law specialization, you will fight against criminals and in such special cases, you also need to fight for the criminal.
A corporate lawyer work for a company. They can work in startups and large-sized company too. Here they work for company business-related cases, legal rights, and their disputes as well.
As a family lawyer, you will deal with all the family issues like Marriage dissolution, Adoption, Divorce. Here you will represent the client case in court too.
Intellectual Property Lawyer
A property lawyer deal with the trademarks, copyrights and related rights, Data protection, Patents, Layout design of circuits, plant varieties.
Immigration lawyer work for NRI who have immigration issues and citizenship with the all Visa, Passport related issues. Here you need more strong communication skills, critical thinking, patience to understand different country policies so that you can solve all immigration problems.
LLM Eligibility Criteria:
- After successful completion of L.L.B, you can apply for LLM.
- Here you need minimum 50% marks to get admission in Law colleges.
- Minimum age requirement of 17 years for LLM.
- You must have a law entrance examination certificate with qualified marks.
Entrance Exams For LLM
- CLAT PG
- IPU CET
Best LLM Colleges in India
Here are the best law colleges to pursue LLM.
- Nalsar University Of Law (Hyderabad)
- National Law School Of India University (Bangalore)
- Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
- West Bengal University Of Juridical Sciences (Kolkata)
- Faculty Of Law University Of Delhi (New Delhi)
- Rajiv Gandhi National University Of Law (Patiala)
LLM Job Scope:
After successful completion of LLM, you can find a lot of job opportunities. Below I mentioned few job opportunities you can apply after your LLM.
You can apply for a public notary. The minimum eligibility criteria are you must have 10-year experience in practising law.
You can verify and translate any document from one language to another like certificates and government documents.
As a mediator, you can write a document for someone.
As a legal advisor, you can work with a big organization, as well with government or you can work with for someone needed. Here you will solve client case.
Working as Advocate is a great option to work after LLM. As a lawyer, you will protect your client legally or as physical evidence.
Lawyer Salary in India
After struggling this much year you can definitely get a high paying job. In India, you can get a minimum of 2.5 lakhs to maximum 5 lakhs as a fresher.
If you have experience of 2 to 3 year you can easily get a minimum of 6 lakhs to maximum 10 lakhs.
As an intellectual property lawyer, you can earn a minimum of 7 lakhs to a maximum of 15 lakhs per month.
Books for LLB and LLM Preparation
- Family Law (Subba Rao)
- Constitutional law of India (J.N Pandey)
- Indian Penal Code with the criminal law (S.N Mishra)
- Taxmann’s Business Laws-B.com (Sushma Arora)
Difference between Lawyer and Advocate
Most of the people get the confusing difference between lawyers and advocate. Both of the words make confuse them.
A lawyer can not practice in court. He can give legal advice to law firms, Large partnered and individual organization. But an advocate can fight cases in court.
A lawyer can not register themselves in bar council India but an advocate can register in bar council India.
Law Courses After Graduation
I mentioned here some specialized courses you can apply these after your graduate study.
- Postgraduate diploma in administrative law
- Postgraduate diploma in cyber law and intellectual property rights
- Master of law in criminal law and criminology
- Postgraduate diploma in consumer law
- Master of legislative law in business law
- Master of law in constitutional law and administrative law
- Postgraduate diploma in child rights and development
- Master of law in bharatiya nyaya darshan and raj dharma
- Master of law in corporate and finance law
- Postgraduate diploma in business and corporate law.
Pros and Cons for Lawyer
- You can find so many job opportunities for lawyers and you can work as individually too.
- A lawyer can earn additionally from guest faculty at law college, part-time working in a law firm.
- This is a very prestigious post.
- After completing your job you can open a public notary.
- In this occupation, you will face high stress. You need to solve all cases timely so that client can trust you.
- Every day you need to gather all client case-related information.
- In India, you will face high competition.
Can I do a lawyer course in the distance?
And the answer is yes.
You can do your lawyer course in the distance. In India, there are so many colleges where you can enroll in your course.
Can I do a lawyer certification course?
This is the easiest way is to get a certificate for a lawyer course. If you are an employee and you cannot give time to attend college then you can do so in India. There are some few websites are where you can do this type of courses.
A lawyer is one of the most demanded occupations now in India. To become a lawyer you just need a sharp mind and have an interest in it.
Most of the students choose this occupation under pressure from their family. If you are facing this type of situation avoid it.
Here you need a lot of hard work to achieve your dream. From today onwards try to gather all the materials and books to prepare for the law entrance exam.
Before applying for the job you must try to gain a scholarship. It will reduce your time while looking for the job.
I mentioned here all the steps and details to become a lawyer in India.
If you have any question in mind, please ask it on the comment section below.